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Jerry was an F4 Phantom pilot, whose aircraft was shot down on August 29, 1969, approximately 20 miles South of Da Nang, Vietnam, after six months in country. Neither Jerry nor his navigator, 1st Lt. Al Graf, was able to eject because of the altitude and trajectory of the aircraft. They were initially classified as Killed in Action/No Body Recovered (KIA/NBR). Years later, both Marines were listed as MIA, along with other service members whose bodies were never recovered – regardless of their original classification.

Although Jerry has been gone for four decades, our family learned that his remains might be recoverable, so we are doing everything possible to work with JPAC to make this happen and bring Jerry home to the United States where he belongs.

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Vietnam War: Unilateral Recoveries May Save Our MIAs

Wednesday, April 27, 2011 @ 10:04 AM  posted by Elaine Zimmer Davis

vietnam-excavation-trip-8-23-10-004 Elaine visited the Base Camp during Jerry’s and Al’s excavation in August 2010 and met some members of the Vietnamese team who work side-by-side with JPAC conducting field operations in search of our MIAs in Vietnam. The Vietnamese selected to do this work have received extensive training and have been conducting unilateral operations in restricted locations for some time. This image was taken after both teams had been excavating Jerry’s and Al’s site throughout the day in 100 degree heat. The Vietnamese took a moment to propose a toast for the camera.

I knew change was coming in our Vietnam War recovery efforts when the 2010 National Defense Authorization Act included a mandate upping the number of MIA identifications from an average of 98 per year to 200 by 2015. If you understand the nature of recoveries/identifications, then you know that JPACs Central Identification Laboratory will be hard-pressed to meet that magic number, with or without Vietnam in the picture. Unfortunately, Vietnam recoveries have never delivered high numbers, so JPAC needs to go where it can bring home more MIAs to satisfy the new mandate. This means that efforts are being diverted to WWII locations.

And although I have been adamantly opposed to the mandate, I have adjusted to its reality and begun to look at the number’s game as an opportunity to move in a positive direction.

Also, at the beginning of our quest to find Jerry’s crash site and remains, I was not in favor of unilateral operations by the Vietnamese and expressed my feelings in past blogs. There was something so pure about having our active duty military, many of whom have served in the Middle East, working in the field on behalf of our loved ones. But that was naïve of me – I am 20 years too late (not 40 years, as some would like to think, since our Vietnam War recoveries waivered until the mid 1990s, in smoke-filled rooms with stalled negotiations).

It is time for the families of MIAs left behind from the Vietnam War to negotiate with our trusted decision-makers on the issue of revamping our recovery model in Southeast Asia. Maybe something akin to “let’s make a deal!”

I have been told that JPAC has trained its Vietnamese counterpart to competently conduct investigations and recoveries in Vietnam. Unless we tap into some sort of unilateral plan, managed by JPAC, I think the future of Vietnam operations will become history. We need to get back into the field where our loved ones’ remains are deteriorating rapidly. If JPAC needs to focus more on WWII locations to meet the numbers imposed by the mandate, this would lighten their load in Vietnam, Laos and Cambodia.

JPAC could set up a semi-unilateral program in Vietnam — for starters — using it as a transitional model, since 90% of our MIAs were lost in Vietnam (Laos and Cambodia would likely follow Vietnam’s lead). I am confident that Ron Ward, Casualty Resolution Specialist in Hanoi’s Detachment 2, has the skills to help JPAC with implemention in Vietnam.

Focusing more on the use of civilians in the detachments would allow JPAC to set up a 5-year transitional plan, without interruption, but still report to PACOM for military leadership and support personnel. Obviously, the extent of any transition would be dependent upon several criteria, of which financial concerns and recovery results would top the list.

A gradual move to more unilateral operations would give JPAC time to revamp its policies involving restructuring negotiations, evaluating/educating more in-country recovery talent; and devising a management plan for JPACs Central Identification Laboratory.

If done correctly, a semi-unilateral program could be a win-win for JPAC, Vietnam and most of all for families with MIAs still unaccounted-for in the Vietnam War.

3 Responses to “Vietnam War: Unilateral Recoveries May Save Our MIAs”

  1. [...] With JPACs 2012 financial concerns presumably settled, it is hard for me to determine if budget approval will benefit Vietnam War recoveries.  As the former wife of an F-4 Phantom pilot shot down in Vietnam and yet to have his remains repatriated to the USA, I am most interested in ensuring that work continues on behalf of our MIAs in Vietnam War locations.  Ironically, it was the 2010 NDAA that included a mandate for JPACs Central Identification Laboratory (CIL) to double its identifications of MIAs by 2015, which changed the recovery pecking order forever. (For some background on this issue, go to    [...]

  2. Kathy says:

    I just read your blog and am moved to tell you how your story affected me. I have never heard a truer love expressed anywhere. Bless you and keep you safe. He must have been a beautiful man.
    . I am so sorry for your loss.

  3. Thanks, Kathy — Jerry meant everything to me and so many others who knew him. He was an extraordinary person.


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