Our Mission:

My first husband, Capt. Jerry Zimmer, was an F4B Phantom jet pilot, whose aircraft was shot down on August 29, 1969, approximately 20 miles South of Da Nang, Vietnam, after six months in country. Neither Jerry nor his navigator, 1st Lt. Al Graf, was able to eject, before the aircraft crashed into the Que Son Mountains. Initially Jerry and Al were classified as Killed in Action/No Body Recovered (KIA/NBR). Years later, both Marines were listed as MIA, along with other service members whose bodies were never recovered.

Jerry has been gone nearly a half century, and hope for recovering his remains had run out a long time ago.  However, in recent years our family became involved with the Joint POW/MIA Accounting Command (JPAC), now merged with the Defense POW/MIA Accounting Agency (DPAA), and learned that Jerry’s and Al’s remains might, in fact, be recoverable, so we are doing everything possible to support their efforts to make this happen and bring our guys home where they belong.


Vietnam Map


Posts Tagged ‘Secretary of Defense Chuck Hagel’


Thursday, January 15, 2015 @ 05:01 PM  posted by Elaine Zimmer Davis


Rear Adm. Edward Franken has been named as  interim director of the new DoD MIA accounting agency

Rear Adm. Michael Franken has been selected as interim director of the new DoD MIA accounting agency

JPAC Commander Maj Gen Kelly McKeague has been selected to serve as interim deputy director of the new DoD MIA agency.!

Maj Gen Kelly McKeague has been selected as interim deputy director of the new DoD MIA agency.

Secretary of Defense Chuck Hagel made good on his promise to stand-up the new Department of Defense agency now charged with accounting for our Missing-in-Action service members and personnel dating back to WWII. The soft rollout came Friday, January 9, 2015,  leaving no doubt that the agency’s interim leadership would be in place before Hagel’s departure from office; however, it was made clear that the overall agency would continue to evolve throughout the year.


Hagel hand-picked Rear Adm. Michael Franken to serve as the agency’s interim director, describing Franken in a statement as a “highly qualified leader who has a strong operational and policy background.” A native of Nebraska with a US Navy career spanning nearly three decades, Franken has accrued impressive credentials, serving in high level positions, including commander of Combined Joint Task Force-Horn of Africa and vice director for strategy, plans, and policy at U.S. Central Command. After the terrorist attacks on Sept. 11, 2001, Franken helped establish “Deep Blue,” the Navy’s operational think tank that deals with classified missions.

Although Franken’s resume covers many leadership tours aboard ship and ashore, MIA recovery efforts will present a completely new challenge. I was impressed with his written statement to reporters: “I have much to learn,” said Franken, who will undoubtedly get up to speed quickly.


Hagel also named Maj Gen Kelly McKeague, USAF, to serve as deputy director, which I believe was an excellent choice because of McKeague’s familiarity with the MIA community and operations, which is likely to be a plus for Franken as he learns the ropes.

McKeague’s 30-year military career began in Georgia after graduating from Georgia Institute of Technology with a BS in Engineering. He spent a decade as a civil engineering officer with multiple assignments at base, major command and US Air Force Headquarters. By 1995, McKeague focused on the National Guard, serving in a number of leadership positions for 20 years, based primarily on Capitol Hill or the greater D.C. area.

In October 2012, McKeague headed for his home state of Hawaii, after being named Commander of the Joint POW/MIA Accounting Command (JPAC) – the controversial military command, now absorbed into the new agency, along with the Defense Prisoner of War, Missing Personnel Office (DPMO).

Shortly after McKeague’s JPAC tour began at Hickam AFB in Honolulu, he was summoned to Capitol Hill, only this time it was not a career maker but a potential career breaker. McKeague faced a Congressional grilling in which the newcomer was expected to account for JPACs perceived shortcomings that had been brewing well before his arrival, focusing namely on JPACs Central Identification Laboratory. McKeague held his own, earning the respect of many MIA families, including mine, for his compassion and ability to keep the mission going during tough times. Obviously this assessment did not go unnoticed by the agency’s leadership selection team.

Army Lt. Gen. Michael Linnington, military deputy to the undersecretary of defense for personnel and readiness, will be the agency’s senior adviser to Christine Wormuth, undersecretary of defense for policy. Wormuth’s office will oversee the agency.

Preparing to depart office as soon as the Senate approves Ashton Carter’s appointment as the next Secretary of Defense, Hagel is using his final days to tie up loose ends and can now put a check next to the MIA agency block.

Although considered an excellent choice to serve as the next head of the DoD, Carter will have a lot on his plate and be grateful for the roll-out of the new agency, since Hagel knows only too well that his successor will need to be ready on Day One to expect the unexpected in his new job.


Monday, August 25, 2014 @ 03:08 PM  posted by Elaine Zimmer Davis

Sean Tallman, anthropologist; Tom Holland, PhD, Scientific Director, CIL; Bob Mann, PhD, Deputy Scientific Director, CIL.  This photo was taken Jan 2010, during a visit to JPAC Hawaii to learn more about the identification process.

Sean Tallman, anthropologist; Tom Holland, PhD, Scientific Director, CIL; Bob Mann, PhD, Deputy Scientific Director, CIL. This photo was taken Jan 2010, during a visit to JPAC Hawaii to learn more about the identification process.

Now that social media has become interested in the fate of our MIAs, some are having a field day, peppering personal stories with incorrect facts and poor research, primarily targeting JPAC – the organization with evolutionary roots dating back 40 years, soon to be replaced with a new DoD agency. Some in the blogosphere may not realize that they are setting the bar so high for the new agency that followers will be watching every move they make, ready to pounce on the first perceived shortcoming. The losers won’t be the DoD, but rather family members with loved ones still missing, counting on this government agency to continue doing this very demanding job on our behalf.

Many of us with husbands, dads, sons and brothers still missing from past wars are outraged by the ranting that does not appear to benefit our MIAs, but rather to satisfy personal vendettas.

This blog is not meant to defend DPMO and JPAC, but to highlight ignorance of the system and destructive comments at a time when families are looking ahead. Nor is it meant to denigrate all the good people who use social media to stay connected with the MIA issue and have come to understand the difficulties that we all face in bringing home our loved ones at his point in history.

Half Baked Apology

I recently learned of a site that had published a blog focusing on people – namely within JPAC — being “fired” or likely to be “removed” when the new agency is expected to officially stand up in January 2015. Bold headlines singled out Scientific Director, Tom Holland, PhD, as being “fired” from his job as the former head of JPACs Central Identification Laboratory (CIL) at Hickam AFB in Hawaii.

Those of us who regularly report on major changes within the accounting community have made it clear to our followers that the new agency selected the office of the Armed Forces Medical Examiner to assume all duties involved with MIA identifications – not surprising with the drawdown of troops in harm’s way and within the military, in general, according to the current picture. The Medical Examiner is highly qualified, and I believe he will have a lot to offer and be amazed at the enormity of the new job.

Also mentioned as being “dismissed” in the same blog were Dr. John Byrd, Director of the CIL, and his deputy Dr. William Belcher. (The blog “admin” – no byline — wrote a strange apology the following day, saying that Bryd; Belcher; along with JPAC Commander Maj Gen Kelly McKeague; and Johnie Webb, Deputy to the Commander for External Relations and Legislative Issues were “denying that they have been fired and they are correct, for now.” Not much of an apology in my books.

Not only was the reporting irresponsible, but it was filled with inaccuracies, a lack of sufficient attribution and disrespectful to people that don’t deserve that type of treatment. The writer obviously knows nothing about sequestration and its effect on identifications; budget cuts; co-mingled, stored remains treated with preservatives before finding their way to the CIL; costs involved with identification of remains not suitable for DNA, along with hundreds of other challenges faced by the lab.

DNA Rules

To say that Holland “has squandered hundreds of millions of taxpayer dollars and has few identifications to show for it,” was reckless. Holland was brought in more than 20 years ago, to restore faith in the system among families like mine that identifications of their loved ones were accurate beyond a reasonable doubt. The science of DNA has progressed rapidly, cutting down on the long waiting period for identifications, and the CIL has used it whenever possible.

Sometimes extracting DNA from remains is not the problem. Instead, it can be the lack of a familial reference sample – often Mitochondrial DNA. No matching DNA typically means that the lab must hold off on making an identification or use other means. Many of the WWII cases have been the toughest to identify, because the case histories lack sufficient data to locate and/or identify remains, and sometimes it takes a monumental effort to find the family of the deceased, seven decades after the occurrence.

DPMO has been heavily involved in WWII cases, along with Casualty Offices from the respective Armed Services. JPACs role, in general, has been to conduct field work associated with well-researched cases – conducting investigations, excavations and hopefully, repatriations leading to identifications. (The removal of remains of ‘Unknowns’ located in Memorial Cemeteries worldwide is not a JPAC decision, but apparently the DoD is currently working on this issue for future recoveries.)

Ignorance No Excuse

The writer said “it is widely expected” that Maj Gen McKeague and Johnie Webb, will also be removed “along with others being held responsible for failing to recover the remains of missing American service members.” Maj Gen McKeague is an active duty military officer serving a tour of duty during one of the most difficult periods in the accounting community’s history. If Maj Gen McKeague gets orders elsewhere, he will probably go but not because he failed in his job. Webb has been with the accounting community for decades, and the new agency will need people with experience to help maneuver the complexity of the system, but I have no idea where that decision stands.

Changes will occur within the accounting community, as they do in Corporate America with a merger, and those holding the short straw can be out of a job; however, decisions about who stays and who remains generally are made for the betterment of the organization – not because someone outside the system thinks that getting rid of certain people — they don’t like — will ensure success. That is naïve.

The remnants of war are not pretty — I learned that a long time ago. I have found that people ignorant of facts about battlefield deaths; ‘Unknowns’ interred globally in Memorial Cemeteries; and identifying thousands of MIAs throughout the world don’t understand what this is all about. Yet, they write with such conviction. When I was in journalism school many years ago, a professor reminded me that in non-fiction writing, 80 percent of the story involves research, and the remaining 20 percent writing. My advice to whomever is behind the blog described in this post, please spend a little more time on research and less on writing.